Multilateral and Bilateral trade agreements that Egypt is a party to

5 September 2021 - Dr. Christian Ule

Egypt is a signatory to several multilateral trade agreements:

  • The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) 
  • The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
  • The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
  • European Union-Egypt Free Trade Agreement (Association Agreement)
  • Free Trade Agreement with EFTA States
  • Turkey-Egypt Free Trade Agreement
  • Greater Arab Free Trade Area Agreement
  • Agadir Free Trade Agreement among Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, and Jordan
  • Egyptian-European Mediterranean Partnership Agreement
  • The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
  • Pan Arab Free Trade Area (PAFTA)
  • Egypt-MERCOSUR Free Trade Agreement

In June 2001, Egypt signed an Association Agreement with the European Union (EU) which entered into force on June 1, 2004. The agreement provided for immediate duty-free access of Egyptian products into EU markets, while duty-free access for EU products was phased in over a twelve-year period.  

In 2010, Egypt and the EU completed an agricultural annex to their FTA, liberalizing trade in over 90 percent of agricultural goods.

Additionally, Egypt has signed several bilateral agreements with Arab Countries: 

  • Jordan (December 1999), 
  • Lebanon (March 1999), 
  • Libya (January 1991), 
  • Morocco (April 1999), 
  • Syria (December 1991), and 
  • Tunisia (March 1999). 
  • Egypt and China entered into a trade accord in 1995. 
  • Egypt has also signed an economic treaty with Russia. 
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Dr. Christian Ule

Managing Partner MASHREQ

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