Saudi Arabia accedes to Hague Apostille Convention

15 February 2022 - Christian Ule

On December 31, 2021, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia issued a decree providing for the country’s accession to the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents, the Apostille Convention, or the Apostille Treaty. In the coming months, Saudi Arabia will join the Apostille Convention. The Apostille Convention will replace the traditional and cumbersome legalization …

Egypt – The New Amendments of the Supreme Constitutional Court Law No. 48 of 1979: A Commentary

8 September 2021 - Hatem Darweesh

In June 2021, the Egyptian cabinet drafted and prepared a draft law that was meant to introduce certain amendments to Law No. 48 of 1979 (“SCC Law”) that governs the authority and powers of the Egyptian Supreme Constitutional Court (“SCC”). According to what has been extensively discussed at the time of proposing the draft, the …

Multilateral and Bilateral trade agreements that Egypt is a party to

5 September 2021 - Christian Ule

Egypt is a signatory to several multilateral trade agreements: The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA)  The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) European Union-Egypt Free Trade Agreement (Association Agreement) Free Trade Agreement with EFTA States Turkey-Egypt Free Trade Agreement Greater Arab Free Trade Area Agreement Agadir Free Trade Agreement …

How and why set up a branch in Morocco?

20 May 2021 - Christian Steiner

By establishing a branch in Morocco, a foreign company can expand its business without the need to create a company under Moroccan law. The term branch refers to a stable entity that belongs to a parent company and has a certain degree of management and direction autonomy, but does not have legal personality.

Arbitration in the Middle East and North Africa. Is it possible?

11 May 2021 - Christian Steiner

I. What you should know about arbitration in the Middle East and North Africa: It is every entrepreneur’s nightmare when quarrels with a business partner end up in court. The risk of this happening is greater when there is a clash of very different business cultures, and even more so in a volatile economic and political …